Oligopeptides are the main source of nitrogen for Lactococcus lactis during growth in milk.

TitleOligopeptides are the main source of nitrogen for Lactococcus lactis during growth in milk.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1995
AuthorsJuillard, V, Le Bars, D, Kunji, ERS, Konings, WN, Gripon, JC, Richard, J
JournalAppl Environ Microbiol
Volume61
Issue8
Pagination3024-30
Date Published1995 Aug
ISSN0099-2240
KeywordsAmino Acids, Animals, Lactococcus lactis, Milk, Milk Proteins, Nitrogen, Oligopeptides
Abstract

The consumption of amino acids and peptides was monitored during growth in milk of proteinase-positive (Prt+) and -negative (Prt-) strains of Lactococcus lactis. The Prt- strains showed monophasic exponential growth, while the Prt+ strains grew in two phases. The first growth phases of the Prt+ and Prt- strains were in same, and no hydrolysis of casein was observed. Also, the levels of consumption of amino acids and peptides in the Prt+ and Prt- strains were similar. At the end of this growth phase, not all free amino acids and peptides were used, indicating that the remaining free amino acids and peptides were unable to sustain growth. The consumption of free amino acids was very low (about 5 mg/liter), suggesting that these nitrogen sources play only a minor role in growth. Oligopeptide transport-deficient strains (Opp-) of L. lactis were unable to utilize oligopeptides and grew poorly in milk. However, a di- and tripeptide transport-deficient strain (DtpT-) grew exactly like the wild type (Opp+ Dtpt+) did. These observations indicate that oligopeptides represent the main nitrogen source for growth in milk during the first growth phase. In the second phase of growth of Prt+ strains, milk proteins are hydrolyzed to peptides by the proteinase. Several of the oligopeptides formed are taken up and hydrolyzed internally by peptidases to amino acids, several of which are subsequently released into the medium (see also E.R.S. Kunji, A. Hagting, C.J. De Vries, V. Juillard, A.J. Haandrikman, B. Poolman, and W.N. Konings, J. Biol. Chem. 270:1569-1574, 1995).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Alternate JournalAppl. Environ. Microbiol.
Citation Key1144
PubMed ID7487034
PubMed Central IDPMC167578