Mutations in COX7B cause microphthalmia with linear skin lesions, an unconventional mitochondrial disease.

TitleMutations in COX7B cause microphthalmia with linear skin lesions, an unconventional mitochondrial disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsIndrieri, A, van Rahden, VAlexandra, Tiranti, V, Morleo, M, Iaconis, D, Tammaro, R, D'Amato, I, Conte, I, Maystadt, I, Demuth, S, Zvulunov, A, Kutsche, K, Zeviani, M, Franco, B
JournalAm J Hum Genet
Volume91
Issue5
Pagination942-9
Date Published2012 Nov 02
ISSN1537-6605
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Amino Acid Substitution, Animals, Base Sequence, Cell Line, Electron Transport Complex IV, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Genes, X-Linked, Genotype, Humans, Lyases, Microphthalmos, Mitochondrial Diseases, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Oryzias, Pedigree, Phenotype, Skin
Abstract

Microphthalmia with linear skin lesions (MLS) is an X-linked dominant male-lethal disorder associated with mutations in holocytochrome c-type synthase (HCCS), which encodes a crucial player of the mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC). Unlike other mitochondrial diseases, MLS is characterized by a well-recognizable neurodevelopmental phenotype. Interestingly, not all clinically diagnosed MLS cases have mutations in HCCS, thus suggesting genetic heterogeneity for this disorder. Among the possible candidates, we analyzed the X-linked COX7B and found deleterious de novo mutations in two simplex cases and a nonsense mutation, which segregates with the disease, in a familial case. COX7B encodes a poorly characterized structural subunit of cytochrome c oxidase (COX), the MRC complex IV. We demonstrated that COX7B is indispensable for COX assembly, COX activity, and mitochondrial respiration. Downregulation of the COX7B ortholog (cox7B) in medaka (Oryzias latipes) resulted in microcephaly and microphthalmia that recapitulated the MLS phenotype and demonstrated an essential function of complex IV activity in vertebrate CNS development. Our results indicate an evolutionary conserved role of the MRC complexes III and IV for the proper development of the CNS in vertebrates and uncover a group of mitochondrial diseases hallmarked by a developmental phenotype.

DOI10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.016
Alternate JournalAm. J. Hum. Genet.
Citation Key10.1016/j.ajhg.2012.09.016
PubMed ID23122588
PubMed Central IDPMC3487127
Grant ListGGP11011 / / Telethon / Italy
GPP10005 / / Telethon / Italy