Monomelic amyotrophy associated with the 7472insC mutation in the mtDNA tRNASer(UCN) gene.

TitleMonomelic amyotrophy associated with the 7472insC mutation in the mtDNA tRNASer(UCN) gene.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsFetoni, V, Briem, E, Carrara, F, Mora, M, Zeviani, M
JournalNeuromuscul Disord
Volume14
Issue11
Pagination723-6
Date Published2004 Nov
ISSN0960-8966
KeywordsDNA, Mitochondrial, Electromyography, Electron Transport Complex IV, Follow-Up Studies, Hearing Loss, Unilateral, Humans, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Muscular Atrophy, Mutation, Pedigree, RNA, Transfer, Ser, Succinate Dehydrogenase
Abstract

We describe a 49-year-old male patient who experienced progressive amyotrophy with no sensorial abnormality in the left arm since 45 years of age. The neuromuscular syndrome was identical to that known as Hirayama disease, a rare form of focal lower motor neuron disease affecting the C7-C8-T1 metamers of the spinal cord. Asymmetric neurosensorial hearing loss was present since age 35 in the patient, and was also documented in an elder sister and in the mother. A muscle biopsy showed cytochrome c oxidase (COX) negative fibers but no ragged-red fibers, and mild reduction of COX was confirmed biochemically. The patient was found to have high levels of a known pathogenic mutation of mtDNA, the 7472insC in the gene encoding the tRNA(Ser(UCN)). Investigation on several family members showed a correlation between mutation load and clinical severity. This is the second report documenting the association of lower motor neurone involvement with a specific mtDNA.

DOI10.1016/j.nmd.2004.07.002
Alternate JournalNeuromuscul. Disord.
Citation Key10.1016/j.nmd.2004.07.002
PubMed ID15482956
Grant ListGGP030039 / / Telethon / Italy