Nuclear gene defects in mitochondrial disorders.

TitleNuclear gene defects in mitochondrial disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1999
AuthorsZeviani, M, Corona, P, Nijtmans, L, Tiranti, V
JournalItal J Neurol Sci
Date Published1999 Dec
KeywordsChromosomes, Human, Cytochrome-c Oxidase Deficiency, DNA, Electron Transport Complex IV, Energy Metabolism, Fungal Proteins, Genetic Complementation Test, Genetic Heterogeneity, Humans, Leigh Disease, Membrane Proteins, Mitochondrial Myopathies, Mitochondrial Proteins, Mutation, Oxidative Phosphorylation, Proteins, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins

An increasing number of nuclear genes have been associated with abnormalities of oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial disorders. The protein products of these genes can be grouped into three categories: structural components of the respiratory chain, factors influencing the structural integrity or the copy number of mitochondrial DNA, and proteins which control the formation, assembly and turnover of the respiratory complexes. Loss-of-function mutations in SURF-1, a gene belonging to the third category, have been associated with Leigh syndrome with cytochrome c oxidase deficiency. Mature Surf-1 protein (Surf-1p) is a 30 kDa hydrophobic polypeptide whose function is still unknown. Using antibodies against human Surf-1p, we demonstrated that this protein is imported into mitochondria as a larger precursor. The same analysis revealed that no protein is present in cell lines harboring loss-of-function mutations of SURF-1, regardless of their type and position. We also generated several constructs with truncated or partially deleted SURF-1 cDNAs. None of these constructs, expressed into SURF-1 null mutant cells, were able to rescue the COX phenotype, suggesting that different regions of the protein are all essential for function. Finally, experiments based on 2D gel electrophoresis indicated that assembly of COX in SURF-1 null mutants is blocked at an early step, most likely before the incorporation of subunit II in the nascent intermediates composed of subunit I alone or subunit I plus subunit IV.

Alternate JournalItal J Neurol Sci
Citation Key10.1007/s100720050059
PubMed ID10937860