Consequences of long-term oral administration of the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ to wild-type mice.

TitleConsequences of long-term oral administration of the mitochondria-targeted antioxidant MitoQ to wild-type mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsRodriguez-Cuenca, S, Cochemé, HM, Logan, A, Abakumova, I, Prime, TA, Rose, C, Vidal-Puig, A, Smith, AC, Rubinsztein, DC, Fearnley, IM, Jones, BA, Pope, S, Heales, SJR, Lam, BYH, Neogi, SGuha, McFarlane, I, James, AM, Smith, RAJ, Murphy, MP
JournalFree Radic Biol Med
Volume48
Issue1
Pagination161-72
Date Published2010 Jan 1
ISSN1873-4596
KeywordsAdministration, Oral, Animals, Antioxidants, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mitochondria, Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis, Organophosphorus Compounds, Oxidative Stress, Ubiquinone
Abstract

The mitochondria-targeted quinone MitoQ protects mitochondria in animal studies of pathologies in vivo and is being developed as a therapy for humans. However, it is unclear whether the protective action of MitoQ is entirely due to its antioxidant properties, because long-term MitoQ administration may alter whole-body metabolism and gene expression. To address this point, we administered high levels of MitoQ orally to wild-type C57BL/6 mice for up to 28 weeks and investigated the effects on whole-body physiology, metabolism, and gene expression, finding no measurable deleterious effects. In addition, because antioxidants can act as pro-oxidants under certain conditions in vitro, we examined the effects of MitoQ administration on markers of oxidative damage. There were no changes in the expression of mitochondrial or antioxidant genes as assessed by DNA microarray analysis. There were also no increases in oxidative damage to mitochondrial protein, DNA, or cardiolipin, and the activities of mitochondrial enzymes were unchanged. Therefore, MitoQ does not act as a pro-oxidant in vivo. These findings indicate that mitochondria-targeted antioxidants can be safely administered long-term to wild-type mice.

DOI10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.10.039
Alternate JournalFree Radic. Biol. Med.
Citation Key10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.10.039
PubMed ID19854266
Grant List064354 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
G0400192 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
G0600194 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
G0600194(77639) / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
G0600717 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_U105663142 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
/ / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom