Dietary fat intake in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition: results from the 24-h dietary recalls.

TitleDietary fat intake in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition: results from the 24-h dietary recalls.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsLinseisen, J, Welch, AA, Ocké, M, Amiano, P, Agnoli, C, Ferrari, P, Sonestedt, E, Chajès, V, Bueno-de-Mesquita, HB, Kaaks, R, Weikert, C, Dorronsoro, M, Rodríguez, L, Ermini, I, Mattiello, A, van der Schouw, YT, Manjer, J, Nilsson, S, Jenab, M, Lund, E, Brustad, M, Halkjaer, J, Jakobsen, MU, Khaw, KT, Crowe, F, Georgila, C, Misirli, G, Niravong, M, Touvier, M, Bingham, S, Riboli, E, Slimani, N
JournalEur J Clin Nutr
Volume63 Suppl 4
PaginationS61-80
Date Published2009 Nov
ISSN1476-5640
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Animals, Cholesterol, Diet, Diet Records, Diet Surveys, Dietary Fats, Energy Intake, Europe, Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: This paper describes the dietary intake of total fat, saturated (SFA), monounsaturated (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and cholesterol of participants in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) in 27 centres across 10 countries.METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, a stratified random sample of 36 034 participants (age range 35-74 years) completed a standardized 24-h dietary recall, assessed by means of the computer software EPIC-SOFT. Lipid intake data were calculated using a standardized nutrient database.RESULTS: On average, the contribution of fat to total energy intake was >or=34% of energy intake (%en) in women and >or=36%en in men for most EPIC centres, except for the British, Dutch and most Italian cohorts. Total fat (>40%en) and MUFA intakes (21%en, mainly from olive oil) were highest in Greece. Except for the Greek, Spanish and Italian centres, the average MUFA intake ranged between 10 and 13%en, with a high proportion derived from animal sources. SFA intake in women and men was lowest in the Greek, Spanish, Italian and UK cohorts with an average of CONCLUSIONS: The presented data show differences and similarities in lipid intake across the European EPIC cohorts and also show differences in food sources of dietary lipids.

DOI10.1038/ejcn.2009.75
Alternate JournalEur J Clin Nutr
Citation Key10.1038/ejcn.2009.75
PubMed ID19888281
Grant List / / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
/ / Department of Health / United Kingdom
/ / Cancer Research UK / United Kingdom
G0401527 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
/ / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom