Dietary intake of the water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and C in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.

TitleDietary intake of the water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12 and C in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsOlsen, A, Halkjaer, J, van Gils, CH, Buijsse, B, Verhagen, H, Jenab, M, Boutron-Ruault, MC, Ericson, U, Ocké, MC, Peeters, PHM, Touvier, M, Niravong, M, Waaseth, M, Skeie, G, Khaw, KT, Travis, R, Ferrari, P, Sanchez, MJ, Agudo, A, Overvad, K, Linseisen, J, Weikert, C, Sacerdote, C, Evangelista, A, Zylis, D, Tsiotas, K, Manjer, J, van Guelpen, B, Riboli, E, Slimani, N, Bingham, S
JournalEur J Clin Nutr
Volume63 Suppl 4
PaginationS122-49
Date Published2009 Nov
ISSN1476-5640
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Ascorbic Acid, Diet, Diet Records, Diet Surveys, Europe, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Vitamin B Complex, Vitamins
Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To describe the intake of vitamins thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), B6 (pyridoxine), B12 (cobalamine) and C (ascorbic acid) and their food sources among 27 centres in 10 countries participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study.METHODS: Between 1995 and 2000, 36 034 persons aged between 35 and 74 years were administered a standardized 24-h dietary recall using a computerized interview software programme (EPIC-SOFT). Intakes of the four B vitamins and vitamin C were estimated using the standardized EPIC Nutrient Database (ENDB). Mean intakes were adjusted for age and weighted by season and day of recall.RESULTS: Intake of B vitamins did not vary considerably between centres, except in the UK health-conscious cohort, in which substantially higher intakes of thiamine and lower intakes of vitamin B12 were reported compared with other centres. Overall, meat was the most important contributor to the B vitamins in all centres except in the UK health-conscious group. Vitamin C showed a clear geographical gradient, with higher intakes in the southern centres as compared with the northern ones; this was more pronounced in men than in women. Vegetables and fruits were major contributors to vitamin C in all centres, but juices and potatoes were also important sources in the northern centres.CONCLUSIONS: This study showed no major differences across centres in the mean intakes of B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, B6, B12), whereas a tendency towards a north-south gradient was observed for vitamin C.

DOI10.1038/ejcn.2009.78
Alternate JournalEur J Clin Nutr
Citation Key10.1038/ejcn.2009.78
PubMed ID19888270
Grant List / / British Heart Foundation / United Kingdom
/ / Department of Health / United Kingdom
/ / Cancer Research UK / United Kingdom
G0401527 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
/ / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom