Effects of magnesium and nucleotides on the proton conductance of rat skeletal-muscle mitochondria.

TitleEffects of magnesium and nucleotides on the proton conductance of rat skeletal-muscle mitochondria.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsCadenas, S, Brand, MD
JournalBiochem J
Volume348 Pt 1
Date Published2000 May 15
KeywordsAdenosine Triphosphate, Animals, Female, Guanosine Triphosphate, In Vitro Techniques, Magnesium, Membrane Potentials, Mitochondria, Muscle, Skeletal, Oxygen Consumption, Protons, Rats, Rats, Wistar

During oxidative phosphorylation most of the protons pumped out to the cytosol across the mitochondrial inner membrane return to the matrix through the ATP synthase, driving ATP synthesis. However, some of them leak back to the matrix through a proton-conductance pathway in the membrane. When the ATP synthase is inhibited with oligomycin and ATP is not being synthesized, all of the respiration is used to drive the proton leak. We report here that Mg(2+) inhibits the proton conductance in rat skeletal-muscle mitochondria. Addition of Mg(2+) inhibited both oligomycin-inhibited respiration and the proton conductance, while removal of Mg(2+) using EDTA activated these processes. The proton conductance was inhibited by more than 80% as free Mg(2+) was raised from 25 nM to 220 microM. Half-maximal inhibition occurred at about 1 microM free Mg(2+), which is close to the contaminating free Mg(2+) concentration in our incubations in the absence of added magnesium chelators. ATP, GTP, CTP, TTP or UTP at a concentration of 1 mM increased the oligomycin-inhibited respiration rate by about 50%. However, these NTP effects were abolished by addition of 2 mM Mg(2+) and any NTP-stimulated proton conductance was explained completely by chelation of endogenous free Mg(2+). The corresponding nucleoside diphosphates (ADP, GDP, CDP, TDP or UDP) at 1 mM had no effect on oligomycin-inhibited respiration. We conclude that proton conductance in rat skeletal-muscle mitochondria is very sensitive to free Mg(2+) concentration but is insensitive to NTPs or NDPs at 1 mM.

Alternate JournalBiochem. J.
Citation Key1886
PubMed ID10794733
PubMed Central IDPMC1221055