AMP decreases the efficiency of skeletal-muscle mitochondria.

TitleAMP decreases the efficiency of skeletal-muscle mitochondria.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2000
AuthorsCadenas, S, Buckingham, JA, St-Pierre, J, Dickinson, K, Jones, RB, Brand, MD
JournalBiochem J
Volume351 Pt 2
Date Published2000 Oct 15
KeywordsAdenosine Monophosphate, Animals, Atractyloside, Carrier Proteins, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Electrophysiology, Female, Food Deprivation, Ion Channels, Kinetics, Membrane Potentials, Mitochondria, Mitochondria, Liver, Mitochondrial ADP, ATP Translocases, Mitochondrial Proteins, Muscle, Skeletal, Oxygen Consumption, Protein Isoforms, Ranidae, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Temperature, Uncoupling Protein 3

Mitochondrial proton leak in rat muscle is responsible for approx. 15% of the standard metabolic rate, so its modulation could be important in regulating metabolic efficiency. We report in the present paper that physiological concentrations of AMP (K(0.5)=80 microM) increase the resting respiration rate and double the proton conductance of rat skeletal-muscle mitochondria. This effect is specific for AMP. AMP also doubles proton conductance in skeletal-muscle mitochondria from an ectotherm (the frog Rana temporaria), suggesting that AMP activation is not primarily for thermogenesis. AMP activation in rat muscle mitochondria is unchanged when uncoupling protein-3 is doubled by starvation, indicating that this protein is not involved in the AMP effect. AMP activation is, however, abolished by inhibitors and substrates of the adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT), suggesting that this carrier (possibly the ANT1 isoform) mediates AMP activation. AMP activation of ANT could be important for physiological regulation of metabolic rate.

Alternate JournalBiochem. J.
Citation Key1887
PubMed ID11023814
PubMed Central IDPMC1221364