Modeling the transmembrane arrangement of the uncoupling protein UCP1 and topological considerations of the nucleotide-binding site.

TitleModeling the transmembrane arrangement of the uncoupling protein UCP1 and topological considerations of the nucleotide-binding site.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsLedesma, A, de Lacoba, MGarcía, Arechaga, I, Rial, E
JournalJ Bioenerg Biomembr
Volume34
Issue6
Pagination473-86
Date Published2002 Dec
ISSN0145-479X
KeywordsAdipose Tissue, Brown, Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Binding Sites, Carrier Proteins, Cricetinae, Ion Channels, Membrane Proteins, Mitochondrial ADP, ATP Translocases, Mitochondrial Proteins, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Molecular Structure, Protein Structure, Secondary, Purine Nucleotides, Rats, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Uncoupling Protein 1
Abstract

The uncoupling protein from brown adipose tissue (UCP1) is a mitochondrial proton transporter whose activity is inhibited by purine nucleotides. UCP1, like the other members of the mitochondrial transporter superfamily, is an homodimer and each subunit contains six transmembrane segments. In an attempt to understand the structural elements that are important for nucleotide binding, a model for the transmembrane arrangement of UCP1 has been built by computational methods. Biochemical and sequence analysis considerations are taken as constraints. The main features of the model include the following: (i) the six transmembrane alpha-helices (TMHs) associate to form an antiparallel helix bundle; (ii) TMHs have an amphiphilic nature and thus the hydrophobic and variable residues face the lipid bilayer; (iii) matrix loops do not penetrate in the core of the bundle; and (iv) the polar core constitutes the translocation pathway. Photoaffinity labeling and mutagenesis studies have identified several UCP1 regions that interact with the nucleotide. We present a model where the nucleotide binds deep inside the bundle core. The purine ring interacts with the matrix loops while the polyphosphate chain is stabilized through interactions with essential Arg residues in the TMH and whose side chains face the core of the helix bundle.

DOI10.1023/a:1022522310279
Alternate JournalJ. Bioenerg. Biomembr.
Citation Key10.1023/a:1022522310279
PubMed ID12678439