The mitochondrial ornithine transporter. Bacterial expression, reconstitution, functional characterization, and tissue distribution of two human isoforms.

TitleThe mitochondrial ornithine transporter. Bacterial expression, reconstitution, functional characterization, and tissue distribution of two human isoforms.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsFiermonte, G, Dolce, V, David, L, Santorelli, FMaria, Dionisi-Vici, C, Palmieri, F, Walker, JE
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume278
Issue35
Pagination32778-83
Date Published2003 Aug 29
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsAmino Acid Transport Systems, Basic, Arginine, Biological Transport, Carrier Proteins, Citrulline, DNA, Complementary, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Humans, Hyperammonemia, Kinetics, Liposomes, Liver, Lysine, Malates, Membrane Transport Proteins, Mitochondria, Models, Biological, Mutation, Ornithine, Phosphates, Protein Folding, Protein Isoforms, Recombinant Proteins, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Substrate Specificity, Time Factors, Tissue Distribution, Transcription, Genetic
Abstract

Two isoforms of the human ornithine carrier, ORC1 and ORC2, have been identified by overexpression of the proteins in bacteria and by study of the transport properties of the purified proteins reconstituted into liposomes. Both transport L-isomers of ornithine, lysine, arginine, and citrulline by exchange and by unidirectional mechanisms, and they are inactivated by the same inhibitors. ORC2 has a broader specificity than ORC1, and L- and D-histidine, L-homoarginine, and D-isomers of ornithine, lysine, and ornithine are all substrates. Both proteins are expressed in a wide range of human tissues, but ORC1 is the predominant form. The highest levels of expression of both isoforms are in the liver. Five mutant forms of ORC1 associated with the human disease hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria were also made. The mutations abolish the transport properties of the protein. In patients with hyperornithinemia-hyperammonemia-homocitrullinuria, isoform ORC2 is unmodified, and its presence compensates partially for defective ORC1.

DOI10.1074/jbc.M302317200
Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
Citation Key10.1074/jbc.M302317200
PubMed ID12807890