Discovery of catalytically active orthologues of the Parkinson's disease kinase PINK1: analysis of substrate specificity and impact of mutations.

TitleDiscovery of catalytically active orthologues of the Parkinson's disease kinase PINK1: analysis of substrate specificity and impact of mutations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsWoodroof, HI, Pogson, JH, Begley, M, Cantley, LC, Deak, M, Campbell, DG, van Aalten, DMF, Whitworth, AJ, Alessi, DR, Muqit, MMK
JournalOpen Biol
Volume1
Issue3
Pagination110012
Date Published2011 Nov
ISSN2046-2441
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Animals, Animals, Genetically Modified, Catalytic Domain, Drosophila Proteins, Humans, Insect Proteins, Molecular Sequence Data, Mutation, Missense, Oligopeptides, Parkinson Disease, Pediculus, Protein Kinases, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases, Sequence Homology, Amino Acid, Species Specificity, Substrate Specificity, Tribolium
Abstract

Missense mutations of the phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) gene cause autosomal-recessive Parkinson's disease. To date, little is known about the intrinsic catalytic properties of PINK1 since the human enzyme displays such low kinase activity in vitro. We have discovered that, in contrast to mammalian PINK1, insect orthologues of PINK1 we have investigated-namely Drosophila melanogaster (dPINK1), Tribolium castaneum (TcPINK1) and Pediculus humanus corporis (PhcPINK1)-are active as judged by their ability to phosphorylate the generic substrate myelin basic protein. We have exploited the most active orthologue, TcPINK1, to assess its substrate specificity and elaborated a peptide substrate (PINKtide, KKWIpYRRSPRRR) that can be employed to quantify PINK1 kinase activity. Analysis of PINKtide variants reveal that PINK1 phosphorylates serine or threonine, but not tyrosine, and we show that PINK1 exhibits a preference for a proline at the +1 position relative to the phosphorylation site. We have also, for the first time, been able to investigate the effect of Parkinson's disease-associated PINK1 missense mutations, and found that nearly all those located within the kinase domain, as well as the C-terminal non-catalytic region, markedly suppress kinase activity. This emphasizes the crucial importance of PINK1 kinase activity in preventing the development of Parkinson's disease. Our findings will aid future studies aimed at understanding how the activity of PINK1 is regulated and the identification of physiological substrates.

DOI10.1098/rsob.110012
Alternate JournalOpen Biol
Citation Key10.1098/rsob.110012
PubMed ID22645651
PubMed Central IDPMC3352081
Grant List087590 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
089698 / / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
G0900138 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
MC_U127070193 / / Medical Research Council / United Kingdom
R01 GM056203 / GM / NIGMS NIH HHS / United States
/ / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom