Structure of a thermophilic F1-ATPase inhibited by an ε-subunit: deeper insight into the ε-inhibition mechanism.

TitleStructure of a thermophilic F1-ATPase inhibited by an ε-subunit: deeper insight into the ε-inhibition mechanism.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsShirakihara, Y, Shiratori, A, Tanikawa, H, Nakasako, M, Yoshida, M, Suzuki, T
JournalFEBS J
Date Published2015 Aug
KeywordsCatalytic Domain, Crystallization, Crystallography, X-Ray, Escherichia coli, Models, Molecular, Protein Conformation, Proton-Translocating ATPases

F1-ATPase (F1) is the catalytic sector in F(o)F1-ATP synthase that is responsible for ATP production in living cells. In catalysis, its three catalytic β-subunits undergo nucleotide occupancy-dependent and concerted open-close conformational changes that are accompanied by rotation of the γ-subunit. Bacterial and chloroplast F1 are inhibited by their own ε-subunit. In the ε-inhibited Escherichia coli F1 structure, the ε-subunit stabilizes the overall conformation (half-closed, closed, open) of the β-subunits by inserting its C-terminal helix into the α3β3 cavity. The structure of ε-inhibited thermophilic F1 is similar to that of E. coli F1, showing a similar conformation of the ε-subunit, but the thermophilic ε-subunit stabilizes another unique overall conformation (open, closed, open) of the β-subunits. The ε-C-terminal helix 2 and hook are conserved between the two structures in interactions with target residues and in their positions. Rest of the ε-C-terminal domains are in quite different conformations and positions, and have different modes of interaction with targets. This region is thought to serve ε-inhibition differently. For inhibition, the ε-subunit contacts the second catches of some of the β- and α-subunits, the N- and C-terminal helices, and some of the Rossmann fold segments. Those contacts, as a whole, lead to positioning of those β- and α- second catches in ε-inhibition-specific positions, and prevent rotation of the γ-subunit. Some of the structural features are observed even in IF1 inhibition in mitochondrial F1.

Alternate JournalFEBS J.
Citation Key10.1111/febs.13329
PubMed ID26032434