Role of a disulfide bond in the gamma subunit in activation of the ATPase of chloroplast coupling factor 1.

TitleRole of a disulfide bond in the gamma subunit in activation of the ATPase of chloroplast coupling factor 1.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1984
AuthorsNalin, CM, McCarty, RE
JournalJ Biol Chem
Volume259
Issue11
Pagination7275-80
Date Published1984 Jun 10
ISSN0021-9258
KeywordsDisulfides, Dithiothreitol, Enzyme Activation, Ethylmaleimide, Hot Temperature, Iodobenzoates, Maleimides, Plants, Proton-Translocating ATPases
Abstract

The relationship between activation of the latent ATPase activity of isolated chloroplast coupling factor 1 (CF1) and reduction of a disulfide in the gamma subunit has been assessed. The sulfhydryl residues involved in the disulfide bond are distinct from residues normally accessible to maleimide modification during incubation of thylakoids in the dark or the light. Dithiothreitol-induced activation is time dependent, and correlates with reduction of the disulfide. Sulfhydryl residues exposed during activation can be reoxidized to disulfide by incubation with iodosobenzoate , with a concomitant loss of ATPase activity. Activation and deactivation are reversible, but deactivation is prevented by treatment of the reduced enzyme with N-ethylmaleimide. Heat activation does not reduce the disulfide bond unless dithiothreitol is present during activation. Prior heating of CF1, which partially activates the enzyme, renders the disulfide more susceptible to subsequent dithiol reduction. The activity obtained when heat and dithiothreitol are used together is approximately equal to the sum of the partial activations obtained with heat or dithiothreitol alone. Iodosobenzoate has no effect on heat-activated CF1. Enzyme activated by heating in the presence of dithiothreitol can be partially deactivated, consistent with reversal of the activity attributable to the dithiol effect. Fluorescence polarization of anilinonaphthylmaleimide bound to the reduced enzyme indicates that the sulfhydryl residues involved in the disulfide are in a less rigid environment than the other two sulfhydryl residues in the gamma subunit. Polarization of anilinonaphthylmaleimide bound to these sulfhydryls is reduced by heat treatment of CF1. The increased susceptibility of the disulfide to reduction upon heat treatment, and the activation of ATPase activity with or without disulfide bond cleavage are indicative of conformational changes within the gamma subunit that occur during the conversion of CF1 from a latent to an active ATPase. In addition the results are consistent with at least two distinct conformational forms of CF1 that can hydrolyze ATP.

Alternate JournalJ. Biol. Chem.
Citation KeyPMID6233280
PubMed ID6233280