Primary structure and subunit stoichiometry of F1-ATPase from bovine mitochondria.

TitlePrimary structure and subunit stoichiometry of F1-ATPase from bovine mitochondria.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication1985
AuthorsWalker, JE, Fearnley, IM, Gay, NJ, Gibson, BW, Northrop, FD, Powell, SJ, Runswick, MJ, Saraste, M, Tybulewicz, VL
JournalJ Mol Biol
Date Published1985 Aug 20
KeywordsAmino Acid Sequence, Amino Acids, Animals, Cattle, Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel, Escherichia coli, Isoelectric Focusing, Macromolecular Substances, Mitochondria, Molecular Weight, Proton-Translocating ATPases, Sulfhydryl Compounds

The enzyme complex F1-ATPase has been isolated from bovine heart mitochondria by gel filtration of the enzyme released by chloroform from sub-mitochondrial particles. The five individual subunits alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon that comprise the complex have been purified from it, and their amino acid sequences determined almost entirely by direct protein sequence analysis. A single overlap in the gamma-subunit was obtained by DNA sequence analysis of a complementary DNA clone isolated from a bovine cDNA library using a mixture of 32 oligonucleotides as the hybridization probe. The alpha, beta, gamma, delta and epsilon subunits contain 509, 480, 272, 146 and 50 amino acids, respectively. Two half cystine residues are present in the alpha-subunit and one in each of the gamma- and epsilon-chains; they are absent from the beta- and delta-subunits. The stoichiometry of subunits in the complex is estimated to be alpha 3 beta 3 gamma 1 delta 1 epsilon 1 and the molecular weight of the complex is 371,135. Mild trypsinolysis of the F1-ATPase complex, which has little effect on the hydrolytic activity of the enzyme, releases peptides from the N-terminal regions of the alpha- and beta-chains only; the C-terminal regions are unaffected. Sequence analysis of the released peptides demonstrates that the N terminals of the alpha- and beta-chains are ragged. In 65% of alpha-chains, the terminus is pyrrolidone carboxylic acid; in the remainder this residue is absent and the chains commence at residue 2, i.e. lysine. In the beta-subunit a minority of chains (16%) have N-terminal glutamine, or its deamidation product, glutamic acid (6%), or the cyclized derivative, pyrrolidone carboxylic acid (5%). A further 28% commence at residue 2, alanine, and 45% at residue 3, serine. The delta-chains also are heterogeneous; in 50% of chains the N-terminal alanine residue is absent. The sequences of the alpha- and beta-chains show that they are weakly homologous, as they are in bacterial F1-ATPases. The sequence of the bovine delta-subunit of F1-ATPase shows that it is the counterpart of the bacterial epsilon-subunit. The bovine epsilon-subunit is not related to any known bacterial or chloroplast H+-ATPase subunit, nor to any other known sequence. The counterpart of the bacterial delta-subunit is bovine oligomycin sensitivity conferral protein, which helps to bind F1 to the inner mitochondrial membrane.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Alternate JournalJ. Mol. Biol.
Citation Key10.1016/0022-2836(85)90313-4
PubMed ID2864455