Mutations in compromise cell survival in OxPhos-dependent metabolic conditions.

TitleMutations in compromise cell survival in OxPhos-dependent metabolic conditions.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsReyes, A, Melchionda, L, Burlina, A, Robinson, AJ, Ghezzi, D, Zeviani, M
JournalEMBO Mol Med
Date Published2018 Sep 06
ISSN1757-4684
Abstract

TIMM50 is an essential component of the TIM23 complex, the mitochondrial inner membrane machinery that imports cytosolic proteins containing a mitochondrial targeting presequence into the mitochondrial inner compartment. Whole exome sequencing (WES) identified compound heterozygous pathogenic mutations in in an infant patient with rapidly progressive, severe encephalopathy. Patient fibroblasts presented low levels of TIMM50 and other components of the TIM23 complex, lower mitochondrial membrane potential, and impaired TIM23-dependent protein import. As a consequence, steady-state levels of several components of mitochondrial respiratory chain were decreased, resulting in decreased respiration and increased ROS production. Growth of patient fibroblasts in galactose shifted energy production metabolism toward oxidative phosphorylation (OxPhos), producing an apparent improvement in most of the above features but also increased apoptosis. Complementation of patient fibroblasts with TIMM50 improved or restored these features to control levels. Moreover, and mutant fibroblasts only shared a few of these features with mutant fibroblasts. Our results indicate that mutations in cause multiple mitochondrial bioenergetic dysfunction and that functional TIMM50 is essential for cell survival in OxPhos-dependent conditions.

DOI10.15252/emmm.201708698
Alternate JournalEMBO Mol Med
Citation Key10.15252/emmm.201708698
PubMed ID30190335