Expanding the molecular and phenotypic spectrum of truncating mutations.

TitleExpanding the molecular and phenotypic spectrum of truncating mutations.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsBugiardini, E, Bottani, E, Marchet, S, Poole, OV, Beninc√°, C, Horga, A, Woodward, C, Lam, A, Hargreaves, I, Chalasani, A, Valerio, A, Lamantea, E, Venner, K, Holton, JL, Zeviani, M, Houlden, H, Quinlivan, R, Lamperti, C, Hanna, MG, Pitceathly, RDS
JournalNeurol Genet
Date Published2020 Feb

Objective: To describe the clinical and functional consequences of 1 novel and 1 previously reported truncating mutation.

Methods: Three unrelated probands with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy harboring truncating mutations are reported. Transmitochondrial cybrid cell studies were used to confirm pathogenicity of 1 novel variant, and the effects of all 3 mutations on and complex V structure and function were investigated.

Results: Patient 1 presented with adult-onset cerebellar ataxia, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes, whereas patient 2 had myoclonic epilepsy and cerebellar ataxia; both harbored the novel m.8782G>A; p.(Gly86*) mutation. Patient 3 exhibited cognitive decline, with posterior white matter abnormalities on brain MRI, and severely impaired renal function requiring transplantation. The m.8618dup; p.(Thr33Hisfs*32) mutation, previously associated with neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, was identified. All 3 probands demonstrated a broad range of heteroplasmy across different tissue types. Blue-native gel electrophoresis of cultured fibroblasts and skeletal muscle tissue confirmed multiple bands, suggestive of impaired complex V assembly. Microscale oxygraphy showed reduced basal respiration and adenosine triphosphate synthesis, while reactive oxygen species generation was increased. Transmitochondrial cybrid cell lines studies confirmed the deleterious effects of the novel m.8782 G>A; p.(Gly86*) mutation.

Conclusions: We expand the clinical and molecular spectrum of -related mitochondrial disorders to include leukodystrophy, renal disease, and myoclonic epilepsy with cerebellar ataxia. Truncating mutations may exhibit highly variable mutant levels across different tissue types, an important consideration during genetic counseling.

Alternate JournalNeurol Genet
Citation Key10.1212/NXG.0000000000000381
PubMed ID32042910
PubMed Central IDPMC6984135