|Title||Does interplay between nitric oxide and mitochondria affect hypoxia-inducible transcription factor-1 activity?|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2003|
|Date Published||2003 Dec 01|
|Keywords||Cell Hypoxia, Cell Respiration, Humans, Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit, Mitochondria, Nitric Oxide, Transcription Factors|
This Commentary discusses recent results from the laboratory of Salvador Moncada (Mateo et al., in this issue of the Biochemical Journal ) that shed light on the interaction of nitric oxide (NO) and the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1). Using cells stably transfected with inducible NO synthase (iNOS) under the control of a tetracycline-inducible promoter, they generated a range of NO concentrations and determined how these affected HIF-1alpha stability. HIF-1alpha, a component of the heterodimer HIF-1, is rapidly degraded at high oxygen concentrations, and thus HIF-1 is only active as a transcription factor under hypoxic conditions. The authors found a biphasic effect of NO concentration on HIF-1alpha stability. Close to hypoxia, low NO concentrations destabilized HIF-1alpha by inhibiting mitochondrial respiration, thereby increasing the local oxygen concentration. In contrast, high NO concentrations stabilized HIF-1alpha at both high and low oxygen concentrations by a non-mitochondrial pathway. These data resolve reported discrepancies on the effect of NO on HIF-1alpha stability at low oxygen concentrations and suggest that inhibition of mitochondrial respiration by NO may affect oxygen sensing by HIF-1 in vivo.
|Alternate Journal||Biochem. J.|
|PubMed Central ID||PMC1223796|